How to Plant a Tree
Choose the Right Tree for a Right Place, Plant the Right Way
Evergreen or deciduous?
Everygreen trees keep leaves all year.They are good trees for wind breaks and hot areas.Plant them on the north side of your home.
Deciduous trees lose their leaves in fall or winter. They are good trees plant on the south, east and west sides of your home to provide shade in the summer and warmth in the winter when the sun can shine through.
What size tree?
Different types of trees vary in their height and width. Based on the measurements areas where you would like trees, consider the following:
Short and wide trees:
They can grow above the roof of a single-story house. They can be planted under overhead utility lines, and as a street tree if the branches won't interfere with traffic. They need lots of room.
Short and skinny trees:
They are great for small areas or under overhead utility wires.
Medium and wide trees:
They provide shade for the entire roof area of a single-story house and walls and windows of a two-story home. They need lots of room.
Medium and skinny trees:
They are great for areas near fences and smaller places.
Tall and wide trees:
They provide the most shade for homes, driveways and other large, hot areas.
Tall and skinny trees:
They provide shade in areas that do not have a lot of room.
Importance of different type of roots for different places
There are places where trees don’t belong -- their strong roots can probe the joints in pipes, grow into cracks in foundations and damage underground structures. A compromised basement wall, septic system or sewer connection might be the expensive consequence of buying and planting an ornamental tree without checking to find out how deep its roots will grow and how aggressive they’ll be in their search for sustenance.
Here's a step-by-setp guide to How to Plant a Tree:
1) Dig in.
Dig a hole twice as wide as the root ball and slightly shallower than the root ball.
2) Roughen the soil
If your planting hole has slick sides, roughen the sides and bottom with a pick or shovel. This makes it easier for root tips to penetrate into the native soil.
3) Remove the container
Be gentle but firm when removing the container from your tree. Making sure to protect the foliage, lay the tree on its side with the container end near the planting hole. Hit the bottom and sides of the container until the root ball is loosened. Slide the pot off the root ball and gently lower the tree into the hole.
4) Separate the roots
Check the root ball for circling roots. If circling roots are left in place near the turnk, they will cut into the trunk as the trunk's girth expands. Gently uncurl and straighten the roots so that they are going outward from the trunk. If a circling root is too stiff to move, you may need to cut it off, but be careful not to cut off too much of the root ball. If cutting circling roots will account for too much of the root ball, wait a year so that more roots will have grown. DO this quickly and shade the tree roots from the sun, so they don't dry out and die.
5) Don't bury the trunk
6) Orient the tree
7) Make sure it's upright
8) Give your soil a boost
9) Pack the soil
Mulching is an efficient subsitution for manure and fertilizers. One of the benefit of mulching is to strengthen the soil physical property, like mineral matter, organic matter and air. It also increase water storage of soil and at a same time decrease water erosion.
Keep your mulch layer less than 2 inches(5cm) deep.