International Day of Disability and key facts about it

Category: Physical health 12 / آذر / 1393Posted:
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December 3rd is the International day of disability.

Throughout human history, technology has shaped the way people live. Today information and communications technologies in particular have impacted a lot of people’s daily lives. However, not all people have access to technology and the higher standards of living it allows.

With an estimated one billion people worldwide living with a disability, and 80% of them living in developing countries, access to technology is key to help realise the full and equal participation of persons with disabilities. Under the theme of “Sustainable Development: The promise of technology”, this year’s International Day of Persons with Disabilities will look at this issue in the context of the post-2015 development agenda.

 

History

In 1976, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 1981 as the International Year of Disabled Persons.[2] It called for a plan of action at the national, regional and international levels, with an emphasis on equalization of opportunities, rehabilitation and prevention of disabilities

The theme of IYDP was "full participation and equality", defined as the right of persons with disabilities to take part fully in the life and development of their societies, enjoy living conditions equal to those of other citizens, and have an equal share in improved conditions resulting from socio-economic development

Facts about disability

  • At least 10% of the world's population, or 650 million people, live with a disability (1).
  • 20% of the worlds poor are disabled (2).
  • The percentage of children with disabilities not attending school is extremely variable and is between 65 - 85% in some African countries (3).
  • Mortality for children with disabilities may be as high as 80% in countries where under-five mortality as a whole has decreased to below 20% (4).
  • In many low-income and middle -income countries, only 5-15% of disabled people who require assistive devices and technology have access to them (5).

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